Agriculture is the basis of life and a necessity for the world’s food supply. The irrigation system is a fundamental part of agricultural production, which can be defined as “an assembly of equipment and facilities that distributes water to crops or pastureland to increase yield”.
Irrigation systems can be simple or complex, depending on the needs of the plants and operation. More complex systems are needed for larger-scale agriculture projects which are dependant on a higher supply of water over a larger stretch of land.
Irrigation systems are generally classified by the type of water delivery system, the most common of which are surface, sprinkler, or micro irrigation.
Surface irrigation, also known as furrow irrigation, is a type of irrigation where water is distributed over the land surface and the water soaks into the ground. There are many advantages to using this type of irrigation. One advantage to this type of irrigation system is that it can be used in areas where there is not enough rainfall.
Another advantage to using this system of irrigation is that it does not require much labor or machinery to operate and maintain because it does not require any center pivot systems like center pivot sprinklers do. It requires only a few workers and could be done by hand if needed. Surface irrigation would need about 500 acres per worker to irrigate.
Sprinkler irrigation uses heads and nozzles that spray water on a rotating basis. Sprinkling has many benefits over other types of irrigation systems, including that sprinklers can be set up to cover the widest possible area with minimal labor input needed on behalf of the user or farmer. They have been popularized by their low cost and easy installation process as well as their minimal upkeep requirements.
Sprinkler irrigation is an ideal choice for large areas that need watering but can’t be watered uniformly with a drip system because it waters plants from above which means that some plants get more water while others get none.
Micro irrigation is a process of watering crops and other vegetation with low-pressure water from a nozzle or spray. It is an efficient and cost-effective way to irrigate agricultural land.
By using micro irrigation, farmers can save up to 60% of the water they use on crops, which means less water is needed for irrigation in total. Not only does this method of watering help farmers save money, but it also helps reduce their carbon footprint by reducing the amount of H2O they need to use for farming.
In conclusion, various types of irrigation systems are effective at maintaining and enhancing agricultural efforts, with each type benefitting different projects according to factors such as land size, plant needs, climate conditions, and more. Additionally, the cost and environmental impact of these smart systems are undeniable and a necessary path for the future of agriculture.
Mottech offers a uniquely innovative system that allows for advanced control and monitoring from the water source to the irrigation valve, all accessible through a user-friendly app that allows remote monitoring and control. Mottech control system enable control and monitoring of all types of irrigation systems.
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